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Home Learning Activities: Maths

There are a bewildering number of maths resources around to help children learn at home at the moment, including some fantastic free ones online. It can be difficult to know which are of the most benefit. This kit offers a slightly different approach in that it is a physical set intended to enhance children’s understanding and link abstract mathematical learning to concrete experiences.

maths

Posted on Monday 30th March 2020

In collaboration Maths with Parents

The pack was put together in collaboration with Maths with Parents for learning at home and includes these key resources:

These have been specially chosen to offer flexibility and cover different areas of the maths curriculum.

Maths with Parents

Maths with Parents are a not-for-profit organisation who work to engage parents and ensure children are supported effectively at home. They have this message for schools:

//www.mathswithparents.com/KWeb?startTime=1585578599178

Ideas to get started

To help get started, here are 5 activities for each of the resources in the pack. Using manipulatives, such as these, can unlock children’s mathematical development by giving them real concrete representations of what are very abstract concepts.

Have a go at the activities with your children and have fun manipulating the resources and playing games. There will be so much mathematical thinking and language going on without having to write anything down or look at a screen. (You may already have some of these resources and where possible activities can be adapted and done with objects you might already have at home.)

Bead strings are a perfect example of how numbers can be shown as a picture and children can have the lovely kinaesthetic experience of pulling them up and down the string. Bead strings are available in different sizes, but the one in this pack has 100 in groups of 10, alternating between red and white.

1. Demonstrating

Throw a dice, then show that number on the bead string. Throw two dice to get a two digit number i.e. 2 and 6 represents 26 and show that number using the beads. To help with their understanding of two digit numbers children will need to understand counting in 10s. They can pull the groups of beads to one side as they count up and down in 10s.

1. Estimating and counting

Hide part of the bead string behind a cuddly toy or in a bag. Guess how many jumbled up beads they can see, then straighten out the string and count together.

1. Rounding to the nearest 10.

Bead strings are a great visual way to demonstrate rounding up or down. For example 22 would round down to 20, whereas 19 would round up to 20. Remember numbers ending in 5 generally round up.

1. Doubling

Doubling numbers can be a difficult concept. Demonstrate doubles by holding two ends together with the same number showing.

1. Finding the difference

The ‘difference between’ two numbers is another difficult concept that can be clearly seen using a bead string. Show two numbers using the beads, e.g. 12 and 19. Put one of top of the other. How many more than 12 is 19? Find other pairs of numbers with the same difference?

There are more great ideas (with photographs) for using bead strings with all primary ages at:

//toolkit.mathematicsmastery.org/attachments/53bbb668-2e70-4aa6-b359-1f42b9186246.pdf

Egg Boxes

Egg boxes might seem like a strange maths resource but they have many uses and can provide a clear visual representation of numbers for children.

1. Number bonds to 10

(You will need the 10 space egg boxes for this, but you could cut up others to make ones with 10 spaces, or begin with number bonds to 6)

The importance of having a speedy knowledge all the pairs of numbers that make 10 is crucial. Adding objects to the egg boxes can give a clear visual representation of this. For clarity, use two different colours (of the snap cubes for example)

How many go with 7 to make 10?

How many do I need to add to 8?

You might also like to learn this rhyme (or come up with your own!)

Zero and 10 – big fat hen (mime holding a huge hen)

1 and 9 – all is fine (spread arms out)

2 and 8 – at the gate (mime opening a gate)

3 and 7 – gone to Devon (point thumb over your shoulder)

4 and 6 – silly tricks (pretend to juggle)

5 and 5 – swim and dive (mime these)

6 and 4 – knock at the door (pretend to knock)

7 and 3 – cup of tea (bring cup to your lips, with pinky finger out)

8 and 2 – pot of stew (mime spooning some stew)

9 and 1 – nearly gone (in a very quiet voice)

10 and zero – always a hero! (loudly and with a superhero pose!)

1. The Great 10 Give-away – a game for 2 players

Each player begins with one cube in each of their 10 egg box spaces.

The object of the game is to get rid of all your cubes.

Take turns to throw a dice and give that number of your cubes away. The game continues until one player’s egg box is empty.

1. Investigate

How many ways can 3 eggs be placed in a 6 egg box? What about an 8 or a 10 egg box? Is there any pattern in the number of possibilities? Children will learn they need to be systematic about how they think about/record the possibilities.

1. Amounts to 10

Write the numbers 1 to 10 in the bottom of each egg space.

Ask children to search for items to go in each one. It has to be the same item for each number, i.e. 1 egg, 2 pen lids, 6 beads etc. How large or small does each item be? The ones in the 10 space will need to be much smaller than 1 egg for example.

1. Practise times tables

Write the answers to any of the times tables on small pieces of paper. E.g. 3 x table – 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 etc. Put one in each egg box space, out of order.

1. Call out the times table you wish to practise. You might do it in order first. Children should put a cube in the correct answers as you go.
2. As above, but put answers to your chosen times table in order and cover them up with a cube in each. Where will 3×3 be? What number will be under that cube? Children choose a cube and pick it up to check the number underneath to see if they are correct. If so, they keep the cube.

Snap Cubes

Snap cubes come in 10 colours and are incredibly versatile. They link together on all sides and can be used for all kinds of concepts including: sorting, counting, number bonds, the 4 operations, place value, fractions, measurement and graphing.

1. Counting

Ask your child to close their eyes and listen carefully. Drop a number of counters into a box or tin. Can they tell you how many they heard altogether? To make it more challenging, each cube dropped could represent a times table, so for example – the 5 times table – 4 cubes dropped would equal 20.

1. Making a cube chart

Choose an interesting question to ask as many people as you can, for example, “What is your favourite colour/ animal/ ice-cream flavour/ sport etc.? Children might provide 4 – 6 possible responses to choose from.

Make a chart using different coloured cubes for each response.

Family and friends favourite colours

Make repeating patterns

e.g. Yellow, yellow, red

Blue, brown, brown, brown, red

Can they make repeating patterns of their own for you to continue?

1. Make Pentominoes

How many different shapes can you make using 5 cubes linked together? Mirror images and rotations do not count. Can you find all 12 possibilities?

Persevere and don’t look at the answers too soon!

1. Measurement

Choose some objects around your home to measure using snap cubes.

How many cubes will the television measure? What about a book/ the coffee table/ a window pane etc.

Get children to guess first, then put a line of cubes together to measure and count the correct number. How close were they? Do the estimates get more accurate the more they do?

Base 10 pack

Give children a real understanding of place value by allowing them to manipulate these concrete resources and work with ever increasing numbers.

1. Counting

Use the pieces to count up in 10s and then 100s.

Move the pieces as you do, so that children have a physical representation of what 30, for example, can look like (3 of the tens sticks).

1. Make numbers to 1000

Ask your child to pick out the pieces they need to make a picture of any number you choose.

Begin with numbers up to 20 – eleven, twelve and thirteen are often trickier

Increase to 50, then up to 100

Finally use numbers including 100s, 10s and 1s

1. ‘Fill a board’ race game

Use number cards from 1 – 20, or you could use a set of playing cards with Jack, Queen and King representing 11, 12 and 13

Each player has a 100 square board and one at a time draws a number card. Whatever number is shown, pick that same amount in one and ten pieces and add them to your board.

The first player to fill their board is the winner.

1. First to Zero game

Begin with 50 each – 5 ten pieces.

Throw a dice and take the number shown away from your pieces. (You will need to exchange a 10 stick for 10 ones.) Children will be practising subtraction as they take away each time.

The first person to get rid of all their pieces wins!