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Physical Development - Why Is It So Important Right Now?

Children’s physical development is always an important focus. But why is it so important now more than ever before to provide children with a variety of opportunities for movement every day? We discuss creating a movement rich environment and the impact physical activity has on children's mental health, wellbeing and self-regulation.

Posted on Tuesday 05th January 2021

Children’s physical development is currently at a level of concern. This year children have had limited opportunities for playing outdoors, in public parks and being able to freely move around without any restrictions.

How physical development impacts mental health, wellbeing and self-regulation:

Physical activity not only supports children’s gross and fine motor skills, but it also has a significant impact on mental health, wellbeing and self-regulation. For a long time research has shown that physical play and activity is associated with increased self-regulation (Becker et al., 2014). So children are able to control their feelings, emotions and actions better if they engage in higher levels of physical activity and have a good level of physical development.

Physical development outdoors

Encourage large movements outdoors

Support physical development through construction

Children use both fine and gross motor movements through construction play

Physical activity also supports mental health. A good level of physical development promotes self-confidence, self-esteem and reduces anxiety (Public Health England, 2019). And of course, physical exercise improves physical health, with reduced risks of becoming overweight and developing serious medical conditions (NHS, 2018).

 

Building a solid foundation for learning and development:

Having a variety of early movement experiences builds a solid foundation for children’s development. This allows children to progress on to learning new and more advanced skills as their bodies grow.

It is vital for early years settings to provide as many opportunities as possible for children to move in different ways throughout each day. Some children may not have enough space and freedom to move enough at home. They may also not have access to outdoor space on a regular basis. Early years settings need to facilitate opportunities for movement both indoors and out. Practitioners can work with parents to support children’s physical development outside of the setting.

Support physical development through movement and dance

Movement and dance to support physical development

Create a ‘movement-rich’ environment in your setting:

It is vital that children develop a positive attitude to physical activity and a love for movement. Sometimes this can be difficult when space is limited, during colder weather or when children are simply not interested. This is why we have been working on innovative ways to support children’s enjoyment and motivation for physical activity.

Take a look at how children at Bright Minds Daycare are engaging in music and dance as part of their daily routine:

Here are some ways sensory technology resources can encourage children to move around:

  • Encourages dancing and experimentation through movement
  • Supports self-expression through movement
  • Sparks imagination, creativity and a sense of performance
  • Supports fine motor skills through exploration with schematic play
  • Encourages movement through curiosity and cause and effect
  • Sparks collaborative play

Take a look at how we have been encouraging movement through the Light Up Glow Cylinders:

 References:

Becker, Derek & Mcclelland, Megan & Loprinzi, Paul & Trost, Stewart, 2014. Physical Activity, Self-Regulation, and Early Academic Achievement in Preschool Children [Online]. Early Education & Development. 25. 56-70. 10.1080/10409289.2013.780505. [Online]. Available at: //www.researchgate.net/publication/269701196_Physical_Activity_Self-Regulation_and_Early_Academic_Achievement_in_Preschool_Children  [Date accessed: 14 December 2020]

NHS, 2018. Benefits of Exercise [Online]. Available at: //www.nhs.uk/live-well/exercise/exercise-health-benefits/[Date accessed: 14 December 2020]​

Public Health England, 2019. Physical activity helps children to deal with life’s challenges [Online]. Available at: //www.gov.uk/government/news/physical-activity-helps-children-to-deal-with-life-s-challenges [Date accessed: 14 December 2020]

 

With thanks to Angelica Celinska for writing this blog. Angelica has 10 years experience working in the Early Years and Primary sector with a Masters in Early Years Education from the Institute of Education, University College London (UCL).

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